本文介绍不能给临时变量分配内存地址。


The Go Programming Language Specification

Address operators

For an operand x of type T, the address operation &x generates a pointer of type *T to x. The operand must be addressable, that is, either a variable, pointer indirection, or slice indexing operation; or a field selector of an addressable struct operand; or an array indexing operation of an addressable array. As an exception to the addressability requirement, x may also be a (possibly parenthesized) composite literal. If the evaluation of x would cause a run-time panic, then the evaluation of &x does too.

对于类型为 T 的操作数 x,地址操作 &x 生成一个类型为 *T 的指针给 x。操作数必须是可寻址的,即变量,指针间接或片段索引操作; 或可寻址结构操作数的字段选择器; 或可寻址阵列的数组索引操作。作为寻址能力要求的一个例外,x 也可以是(可能加括号的)复合文字。 如果对x的评估会导致运行时恐慌,那么对 &x 的评估也会如此。

For an operand x of pointer type *T, the pointer indirection *x denotes the variable of type T pointed to by x. If x is nil, an attempt to evaluate *x will cause a run-time panic.

对于指针类型 *T 的操作数 x,指针间接 *x表示由 x 指向的类型 T 的变量。如果 x 是零,则评估 *x 的尝试将导致运行时恐慌。

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&x
&a[f(2)]
&Point{2, 3}
*p
*pf(x)

var x *int = nil
*x   // causes a run-time panic
&*x  // causes a run-time panic

实战

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package main

func a() string {
    return "a"
}

func main() {
    var b *string
    b = &a() // cause a compile error: cannot take the address of a()
}

扩展阅读

  1. https://stackoverflow.com/questions/10535743/address-of-a-temporary-in-go
  2. https://stackoverflow.com/questions/40926479/take-the-address-of-a-character-in-string
  3. https://golang.org/ref/spec#Address_operators

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